Nestling at the foot of the Aravalli Hills 10km from the town of Sawai Madhopur, Ranthambhore National Park is one of the prime examples of Project Tiger's conservation efforts. Though Sawai Madhopur is an important town with its own historicity, but it is Ranthambhore, which is known the world over. Ranthambhore blends history of Rajput valour with scenic natural beauty and is an ideal getaway for an adventurous holiday.
Ranthambhore has been a witness to the rise and fall of many rulers and a series of battle scenes. In the 13th century AD Govind, the grandson of Prithviraj Chauhan took over the reign of the land. Later his successor Vagabhatta, beautified the city and built a noteworthy temple at Jhain. In the middle of the 15th century AD Rana Kumbha captured the fort and gifted it to his son to be occupied later by the Had Chauhan Rajputs of Bundi and Mughal Emperors Akbar and Aurangzeb. Mughal Emperor Shah Alam gifted it to Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur in 1754 and since then it was maintained as the hunting preserve of the Maharaja. Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh were part of the royal hunting camp who stayed here.